Semin Radiat Oncol 1999 Jan;9(1):60-77

Optimization and clinical use of multisegment intensity-modulated radiation therapy for high-dose conformal therapy.

Fraass BA, Kessler ML, McShan DL, Marsh LH, Watson BA, Dusseau WJ, Eisbruch A, Sandler HM, Lichter AS Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health Systems, Ann Arbor, USA.

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) may be performed with many different treatment delivery techniques. This article summarizes the clinical use and optimization of multisegment IMRT plans that have been used to treat more than 350 patients with IMRT over the last 4.5 years. More than 475 separate clinical IMRT plans are reviewed, including treatments of brain, head and neck, thorax, breast and chest wall, abdomen, pelvis, prostate, and other sites. Clinical planning, plan optimization, and treatment delivery are summarized, including efforts to minimize the number of additional intensity-modulated segments needed for particular planning protocols. Interactive and automated optimization of segmental and full IMRT approaches are illustrated, and automation of the segmental IMRT planning process is discussed.