Unix Questions

Can I password protect my directories?

Yes. If your site is on our Unix server, you may password protect a directory with basic authentication using .htaccess files. .htaccess protected directories require logins and passwords for web access.

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How do I password protect my directories using .htaccess?

To password protected a directory on your site, you need to add .htaccess and .htpasswd files to your web site. The .htaccess file resides in the directory that you would like to protect and the .htpasswd file contains authorized logins and passwords. You are also able to restrict access to specific IP addresses or to commands such as get. ( Please see the reference link below for further details.) Here is how to create the .htaccess and .htpasswd files:

Create a file in plain text on your local computer called .htaccess with the following template:

AuthUserFile /docs/Vendors/webmasterlogin/.htpasswd
AuthGroupFile /dev/null
AuthName "title"
AuthType Basic
<Limit GET POST>
require valid-user

Replace webmasterlogin with your appropriate login name, and title with a title appropriate to what you are password protecting. The title will appear in the window that pops up asking for a username and password.

You may specify any path for AuthUserFile /docs/Vendors/webmasterlogin/.htpasswd, preferably outside your web root (eg. /docs/Vendors/webmasterlogin/.htpasswd). You can create different password files for different directories or multiple password protected directories using the same password file.

FTP to your web site and upload the .htaccess file to the directory you want to protect.

Email web-admin@seanet.com and specify where the .htpasswd file is to be located and which logins and passwords it should contain. Seanet's web master will create and upload the .htpasswd file for you.

For a more detailed explanation on setting up basic authentication with .htaccess and .htpasswd files, please see Apache's web site: Authentication, Authorization, and Access Control .

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Where do I upload files to my Unix account?

Once you log into your account with your FTP client, you will be brought to what is called your home directory or folder. The folder will be named as the webmasterlogin for your domain. The path to this directory is /docs/Vendors/webmasterlogin. When uploading files to your web site you should store all files in the html directory. Your homepage (the first page that appears on your Web site) must be named index.html or index.htm. This is case sensitive, so it must be all lower case.

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